The Africa Ethics Working Group (AEWG) is an international and interdisciplinary network of people interested in the ethics of mental health research, including experts in neuro-ethics, psychiatry, psychology, mental health, bioethics, philosophy, social science and public health. It is a consultative entity within the Oxford Global Initiative in Neuropsychiatric GenEthics (NeuroGenE) providing advice on ethical challenges of multisite genomic studies in African countries. Currently, it is involved in two research projects: the Neuropsychiatric Genetics of African Populations (NeuroGAP) and the Neuropsychiatric Genetics in Neurodevelopmental Disorders (NeuroDEV). The NeuroGAP/NeuroDEV Consortium is part of the Stanley Center Global Genomic Collections Initiative (SGGCI) mainly funded by the Stanley Center for Psychiatric Research at Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard. NeuroGenE operates as an institutional collaborator in the SGGCI and is also mainly funded by the Stanley Center. The AEWG members are appointed in consultation with site-specific Principal Investigators (PIs) of the NeuroGAP/DEV Consortium and act as professional collaborators in the SGGCI.